Conditioning Democratization

Conditioning Democratization

Institutional Reforms and EU Membership Conditionality in Albania and Macedonia

By Ridvan Peshkopia

Anthem Series on Russian, East European and Eurasian Studies

This book analyzes the effects of European Union membership conditionality on institutional reforms in Eastern European countries hoping to join the EU, specifically Albania and Macedonia.

PDF, 280 Pages


April 2014

£20.00, $32.00

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About This Book

How much, and under what conditions, can the European Union affect democratization and democratic consolidation in prospective member states? What mechanisms does the EU employ to influence reforms in countries emerging from authoritarian rule? Focusing on Albania and Macedonia, two postcommunist countries with a legacy of internal conflict, “Conditioning Democratization” analyzes the relationship between EU accession conditionality and institutional reforms. It focuses on four sectors of reform that are often overlooked in other studies: constitutions, asylum, local decentralization and the judiciary system.

The volume critically reviews the theory of “consociational democracy,” often considered the key to stabilizing deeply divided countries, and reapplies it to the supranational institution of the European Union. In articulate, accessible prose, Ridvan Peshkopia builds on examples from multiple sectors in multiple countries to reconceptualize this theory and show that the EU can indeed use membership conditions as a tool to encourage and direct reform.


“This is an engaging, informative and well-structured account which explores some very pertinent and perennial questions. Peshkopia is an EU expert and a Balkans insider.” —Dr Othon Anastasakis, director of South East European Studies at Oxford

Author Information

Ridvan Peshkopia teaches political science at the University for Business and Technology, Kosovo.


Anthem Series on Russian, East European and Eurasian Studies

Table of Contents

Preface; Abbreviations; Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: A Sectorial Contextual Approach to the Effects of EU Membership Conditionality on Eastern European Institutional Reforms; Chapter 3: Constitutional Reforms in Albania and Macedonia: Conditioning Consociational Practices for EU and Domestic Democratic Stability; Chapter 4: Local Decentralization Reform; Chapter 5: Judicial Reforms; Chapter 6: Asylum Reforms; Chapter 7: Beyond Reforms; Chapter 8: Conclusions; Appendix A: The Demographic Dynamic of Macedonia since 1981; Appendix B: Ohrid Framework Agreement; Appendix C: Analysis of the Fulfillment of the the European Commission’s Recommendations to Albania, November 2010, According to 2011 and 2012 Progress Reports; Appendix D: Geographic and Political Divisions of Historical Macedonia; Notes; References; Index


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