Britain and Its Mandate over Palestine

Britain and Its Mandate over Palestine

Legal Chicanery on a World Stage

By John Quigley

When Britain took control of Palestine from the Turkish Ottoman Empire in World War 1, it tried to find a way to gain a legal right both to govern Palestine and to facilitate a Jewish national home there. It never found one. As a result, the changes it brought about in Palestine lack a legal basis.

Hardback, 250 Pages

ISBN:9781839984631

August 2022

£80.00, $125.00

  • About This Book
  • Reviews
  • Author Information
  • Series
  • Table of Contents
  • Links
  • Podcasts

About This Book

Britain’s role in Palestine has never before been analyzed by close scrutiny of its legal status. Britain’s relation to the League of Nations has been analyzed only at a superficial level. Most authors say without proof that Britain was given Palestine by the League of Nations, or that the League of Nations required Britain to implement a Jewish national home. This book is ground-breaking as the first to look deeper into these issues, and to show that the commonly accepted analysis is historically incorrect.

This book makes four new points about Britain’s role in Palestine. Britain had no legal basis for its tenure in Palestine. No right to self-determination for the Jewish people was recognized by the international community. The mandate document that Britain composed was not legally valid. The League of Nations gave no rights either to Britain or to the Jewish people.

The predominant analysis on the period of British control by authors who take a Zionist perspective is that the international community accepted a Jewish entitlement in Palestine. The predominant analysis by authors who take an Arab perspective is that Britain violated Arab rights by not complying with the requirements imposed by the League of Nations. This book challenges both of these approaches, because neither set of authors asks whether what Britain was doing rested on a solid legal foundation.

To make its point, the book draws on documentation from the 1920s that others have overlooked, whether they be pro- or anti-Zionist. The most explosive item – one that has hidden in plain view for one hundred years – is a pleading the British Government filed in the Permanent Court of International Justice admitting that it was in Palestine only by dint of military conquest and that it had no other legal basis.

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Author Information

John Quigley is Professor Emeritus, Moritz College of Law, The Ohio State University.

Series

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Table of Contents

Preface; Setting the Stage: Was Britain’s Rule in Palestine Legal?; 1. The Balfour Declaration Is the Focal Point for the Legal Situation of Palestine; 2. The Balfour declaration Was a Binding Commitment to the Jewish People; 3. The Jewish National Home Meant a Jewish State; 4. The Balfour Declaration Was Issued to Affirm Jewish Rights in Palestine; 5. The Paris Peace Conference Raised Jewish Statehood to the International Level; 6. Britain’s Allies Made the Balfour Declaration an International Commitment; 7. Britain’s Allies Endorsed Jewish Rights; 8. Britain Took on Palestine because of the League’s Mandate System; 9. The League of Nations Protected Palestine’s Arab Population; 10. Britain Was Given Palestine by the League of Nations; 11. The League of Nations Put the Palestine Mandate Document into Legal Force; 12. The Peace Treaty with Turkey Legalized Britain’s Status in Palestine; 13. The Palestine Mandate Document Was a Treaty between Britain and the League; 14. The League of Nations Required Britain to Implement the Balfour Declaration; 15. The Palestine Mandate Document Implemented the League Covenant; 16. The Palestine Mandate Document Recognized Jews as a National Group; 17. The Palestine Mandate Document Bound Britain to the Balfour Declaration; 18. The International Community Committed Itself to the Balfour Declaration; 19. Britain Held Legal Status in Palestine; 20. The United Nations Charter Carried Forward a Jewish Entitlement to Statehood; Postscript: Why History Matters; Documents Annex; Bibliography; Notes; Index.

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