The Ethics of Personal Data Collection in International Relations Inclusionism in the Time of COVID-19

The Ethics of Personal Data Collection in International Relations Inclusionism in the Time of COVID-19

Edited by Colette Mazzucelli
James Felton Keith
C. Ann Hollifield
Foreword by Azza Karam
Afterword by Joshua Cooper

Anthem Ethics of Personal Data Collection

This volume attests to the fact that pressing global public health concerns are ever present as subjects of societal discourse and debate in developed and developing states. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic makes the omission of the ethics of personal data collection analysis in the international relations literature even more salient given the rise of contact tracing and increased uses of mobile phone Apps to track citizens by states and firms across the globe, as this volume’s chapters analyzing the responses to COVID-19 in Iran and Taiwan explain. 

Hardback, 250 Pages

ISBN:9781839981036

March 2022

£80.00, $125.00

  • About This Book
  • Reviews
  • Author Information
  • Series
  • Table of Contents
  • Links
  • Podcasts

About This Book

This volume’s relevance may be explained, first and foremost, during a time of unprecedented loss of life around the world each day. The data, which is oftentimes incomplete and misleading, nonetheless reveals the state as deficient as well as negligent in its response to social healthcare needs. This volume attests to the fact that pressing global public health concerns are ever present as subjects of societal discourse and debate in developed and developing states. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic makes the omission of the ethics of personal data collection analysis in the international relations literature even more salient given the rise of contact tracing and increased uses of mobile phone Apps to track citizens by states and firms across the globe, as this volume’s chapters analyzing the responses to COVID-19 in Iran and Taiwan explain. 

For this reason, dialogue connecting research and practice is necessary to identify ways to address these emerging challenges at the conceptual, economic, legal, political, and social levels. The perspectives of researchers and the experience of practitioners must come together to bring the discussion forward. In response to this plea, a community of research-practitioners remains in dialogue after two Bosch Workshops at New York University to define the contents of case studies in this volume. The responsibility of this research-practitioner community is to grapple with specific issues that define the state of the discipline in personal data collection ethics. Case studies, including prominent uses of crowd-mapping platforms and mobile telephony Apps, document legal and human rights concerns in remote areas. Field research speaks to cases ranging from an analysis of Iran’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic to the exploitation of personal data collection to perpetuate modern slavery through re-education camps in the People’s Republic of China to crowd-mapping stories of physical abuses in public spaces by Safecity in India.

The emphasis on the ethics of personal data collection in this edited volume through various case studies is to bring race and gender to the forefront once again as lenses to understand international relations. The myth of the founding of international relations in 1919, analyzed by Acharya and Buzan (2019) a century later, is one that obfuscates the influence of race relations as well as gender in the early development of the discipline during the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These case studies broaden the ways we understand international relations in the West and, as importantly, in the non-Western space given the countries that are the subjects of analysis: China, Iran, Taiwan, and India, as well as the European Union and the United States. As the contributors focus on the relevance of race and gender across cases, this volume underlines our concerns about the future of democracy in the face of the rising tide of authoritarianism around the world. The plight of the world’s largest and most plural democracy, India, under the Modi government, the increasingly aggressive nature of China under President Xi Jinping as well as the challenge of Trumpism in the United States make these concerns, which place illiberalism at the center of developments, pressing as well as timely.

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Author Information

Colette Mazzucelli, Graduate Faculty, NYU New York, is President (Academia), Global Listening Centre.

Series

Anthem Ethics of Personal Data Collection

Table of Contents

Foreword; Introduction; Information Technology: National Security Savior or Civil Rights Disaster; Is This Chapter ‘Fake News’? Exploring the Possibilities of Regulating Online Disinformation while Preserving the Right to Freedom of Expression in Europe; Geopolitics, Personal Data Collection, and Globalization: Iran’s Response to COVID-19; Re-education Camps in Xinjiang, China: An Intersectional Constructivist Approach; Taiwan’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Social Constructivist Analysis of Identity Differentiation with the People’s Republic of China; Protecting Privacy in a Sexual Assault Prevention Program; Smartphones and Data Privacy Ethics: International Regulations in a “Chessboard-Web” Environment; Ethical Considerations around Crowdsourcing Stories of Sexual Abuse and Harassment in Public Spaces: The Safecity India Story; Conclusion; Afterword.

Links

Introducing a Podcast by Prof Dr Azza Karam, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Secretary General, Religions for Peace, focusing on multi-faith dialogue in response to ethical challenges posed by the misuses of personal data in international relations.

Introducing a Podcast by Professor Colette Mazzucelli, NYU New York, President (Academia) Global Listening Centre, focused on ethical concerns researchers and practitioners face in the collection of sensitive personal data across diverse settings; this emerging field of listening as well as learning requires a new lens, Inclusionism, to broaden and deepen our understanding of international relations in 21st century “classrooms without borders” (Carnegie Council, 2010).

Introducing a Podcast by ElsaMarie DSilva, Founder, Red Dot Foundation, focusing on community based interventions for prevention of sexual and gender based violence informed by the crowdsourced data from the Safecity reporting platform.

In this podcast, Dr. John Riley and Dr. Lynne Chandler Garcia from the US Air Force Academy describe their work in protecting privacy while implementing a sexual assault prevention program.

'Fake news’ appears to be the phrase du jour during the COVID-19 pandemic. In an era when false information can quite literally be deadly, this podcast by Sophia Ehmke introduces the listener to current discussions in Europe concerning the possible regulation of online disinformation in view of the fundamental right to free expression and provides a brief overview of the regulatory activities currently taking place in the European Union.

In this podcast, Taiwanese journalist and researcher Jasmine C. Lee, an outstanding graduate of the MAIR Program at New York University, explains the nature of Taiwan's unique response to the COVID-19 pandemic with reference to the ethics of personal data collection as she focuses on the Republic of China's distinct identity as an island country in East Asia as well as its on-going relevance as a flash point in tensions between the People's Republic of China and the United States of America.

Inclusionism, as the newest lens in the international relations theory literature, follows environmental stewardship in its concern for the survival of Planet Earth. During the post-vaccine era, climate injustice and the pandemic differential intersect to exclude billions from the basic human needs of security and recognition. In this podcast, Joshua Cooper, Executive Director, Hawaiʻi Institute for Human Rights, introduces the listener to the wisdom of the indigenous. His deliberative voice underlines the importance of decolonizing methodologies. This is an essential responsibility as leaders and citizens strive to consider diverse ways of integrating local approaches to nurture the health and happiness of peoples as well as non-human species, which together comprise the distributed ecosystem in our 21st century world.

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