Latin American Foreign Policies in the New World Order

Latin American Foreign Policies in the New World Order

The Active Non-Alignment Option

Edited by Carlos Fortin
Jorge Heine
Carlos Ominami

At a time of growing US-China tensions, and of Latin America’s deepest crisis in a century, Active Non-Alignment option embodies a novel way out of this predicament.

EPUB, 310 Pages


February 2023

£25.00, $35.00

PDF, 310 Pages


February 2023

£25.00, $35.00

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About This Book

For long, Latin America had the conceit of considering itself as “the middle class of nations”—not as rich as prosperous as the North Atlantic countries but certainly more so than those of Africa and Asia. This notion was always a bit of an artifice. Yet, it is one that has become especially apparent as the region descends from periphery to marginality, and “diplomatic eclipse”, in the words of Alain Rouquié. What to do to revert this trend? 

In this book, some of the region’s leading analysts and foreign policymakers argue that Active Non-Alignment is the path to follow if the region is to realize its full potential and occupy its rightful place in the concert of nations. Steeped in the best traditions of the Global South, but sharply attuned to the imperatives of the new century, Active Non Alignment constitutes a guide to foreign policy action in a world in turmoil, in which those not present at the high table charting a new path and shaping the new system will be left behind.

Charting the change from the old Third World’s cahiers des doleances diplomacy championing the New International Economic Order (NIEO) to the current new collective financial statecraft of the New South, reflected in entities like the Asian Investment and Infrastructure Bank (AIIB) and the New Development Bank, the book opens new vistas for a Latin America. The latter has diversified its diplomatic, trade, investment and financial links and will not let itself be cajoled back to the days of the Monroe Doctrine. Yet, the forging of collective action will require a much more concerted effort at regional cooperation that has been extant until now. For those purposes, Active Non Alignment provides the right set of tools.


Latin American foreign policies in the new world order: The non-alignment option marks an important intervention in this debate, bringing together an impressive line-up of former policymakers and academic experts […] The volume will be essential reading for anyone interested in Latin America’s place in a changing world. Numerous chapters excel on their own. - European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies

The book explores – and largely advocates – ANA as a policy option for nearly three dozen countries across the heterogeneous region of Latin America and the Caribbean. […] The book’s diverse assessments of the increasingly prominent ANA framework make it important reading for those trying to understand where Latin America will position itself in a changing world. —Global Policy

“Latin American Foreign Policies in the New World Order: The Active Non-Alignment Option is a must-read for policymakers and scholars aiming for Latin American and other once-peripheral nations to exercise effective agency in a world of changing core powers and modes of competition. The scholar-practitioner contributors to this volume present strategies for lesser powers to maintain equidistance from great powers, to pursue their own agendas, and to help prevent a ‘New Cold War” — Louis W. Goodman, Dean Emeritus, School of International Service, American University, Washington DC.

“The world today is witnessing intensified great power competition, especially between the United States and China. Yet, most of the global south rejects taking sides in the rivalry, viewing it as a grave threat to peace and stability. Reviving but significantly updating the idea of non-alignment, this book charts a timely, fascinating, and realistic approach to the ‘return of geopolitics’ that would be of great interest to scholars, policymakers and media trying to make sense of the future of world order” — AmitavAcharya, Distinguished Professor, School of International Service, American University, and past president, International Studies Association (ISA).

The edited book Latin American Foreign Policies in the New World Order: The Active Non-Alignment Option by Carlos Fortin, Jorge Heine and Carlos Ominami, and published by Anthem Press is an enthralling and transformed perspective on theoretical foundations of non-alignment within the changed dynamics of international relations. The value of the book is that it is not utopian but based on empirical evidences, a fact that readers would appreciate. - International Studies

“As established norms and expectations, relationships at every level, and both community and communications are challenged around the world, three outstanding Chilean scholars and practitioners of international relations have assembled a highly qualified international symposium on how to understand and respond to a world in flux. Focused on how Latin American countries should respond, this book is highly recommended for those who want to be ready for global change in Africa, Europe, West, East, and South Asia, and throughout the Americas, North and South. The book is insightful, constructive, and likely influential”— Abraham F. Lowenthal, Professor Emeritus of International Relations, University of Southern California.

“The work of defining and defending Latin American countries’ own interests amid a fierce contest between geopolitical giants elsewhere gains clarity and energy from the sophisticated economic analysis, historical perspective, and firsthand insights found in this volume. It’s an essential contribution to one of the biggest questions facing Latin American foreign policies today”— Catherine Osborn, columnist, Foreign Policy Magazine.

Active non-alignment has many controversial angles, not least going against the current request of weapons to Ukraine. It also pushes Latin American countries to face the challenge of competing in the strategic framework of integration — Mariano Aguirre, Associate Fellow, International Security Programme; Chatham House .

In the book Latin American Foreign Policies in the New World Order, Carlos Fortin, Jorge Heine, and Carlos Ominami have compiled learned contributions from eminent Latin American personalities to give us this well-researched, reviewed, and redacted compendium on the central theme of active non-alignment (ANA). This is a seminal work that articulates the basis of much of the region's modern foreign policy. It is as timely, as it is relevant —Deepak Bhojwani, The Wire

Author Information

Carlos Fortin is a research fellow emeritus at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex, and a former assistant secretary-general of UNCTAD.

Jorge Heine is a research professor at the Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University, and a former Chilean ambassador to China, India and South Africa.

Carlos Ominami is a director of the Chile 21 Foundation in Santiago, a former minister of economic affairs in the Chilean government, and a former senator.


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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures; Foreword; Introduction: Active Non-Alignment (ANA) A Doctrine; Part ONE The Emerging World Order; Part TWO Active Non-Alignment in the New Geopolitical Environment; PART THREE Active Non-Alignment in the New International Political Economy; Part FOUR National Perspectives; Conclusions—Implications of an Active Non-Alignment (ANA); Notes on Contributors; Index 


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